Classical Education & Philosophy
Our Educational Philosophy
Our nation’s K-12 schools bear a formidable responsibility rarely acknowledged in today’s public discourse. As E.D. Hirsch points out, “school is the traditional place for acculturating children into our national life.” If the American experiment in Constitutional government is to survive and prosper, schools need to graduate students who are prepared to enter the national conversation as thoughtful citizens. Indeed, a “government of the people, by the people, and for the people” requires a citizenry informed by civic knowledge and shaped by public virtue.
First, a civic-minded citizenry tempered by virtue is likely to choose its representatives wisely. Thomas Jefferson well understood the importance of civic knowledge when he wrote that “whenever the people are well-informed, they can be trusted with their own government.” James Madison explained in his speech to the Virginia Ratifying Convention, “To suppose that any form of government will secure liberty or happiness without any virtue in the people, is a chimerical idea. If there be sufficient virtue and intelligence in the community, it will be exercised in the selection of these men.”
Second, civic knowledge and virtue serve as a stabilizing force in the otherwise often tumultuous affairs of the nation. Alexis de Tocqueville believed domestic virtue to be a promoter of industry, a stimulus to enterprise, and a powerful restraint of public vice. In Federalist 55, James Madison argued that a republican form of government presupposes the existence of public virtue to a higher degree than any other. John Adams amplified in the following way: “The only foundation of a free Constitution is pure Virtue, and if this cannot be inspired into our People, in a greater Measure, than they have it now, they may change their Rulers, and the forms of Government, but they will not obtain a lasting Liberty— they will only exchange Tyrants and Tyrannies.”
American educational institutions, along with other elements of civil society including family, faith, and work, therefore bear an obligation to foster citizenship in students. Schools ought to not only develop the mind and impart civic knowledge, but also improve the heart and nurture traditional virtues. The time-tested classical approach to education is a proven way to achieve these goals. By its nature systematic, organized, and rigorous, a classical curriculum immerses students in the enduring Great Conversation of Western civilization, deliberately cultivates the essential virtues—including courtesy, courage, honesty, self-government, perseverance, and service—and aims to produce graduates who can answer “why” questions with clarity, brevity, and force. The rigor of the classical model not only equips students with a rich foundation, but also teaches them how to organize those facts and ideas, and finally, empowers them to analyze and penetrate life’s larger questions. In the end, as Dr. Larry Arnn is fond of saying, students should learn to “love those things which are lovely and esteem and pursue wisdom”—a direct result of a content-rich curriculum that emphasizes the principles of virtuous living, traditional learning, and civic responsibility.
Liberal Arts: To Live Free, To Live Well
Classical education is a liberal arts education. “Liberal”, in this case, means “free”. Classical education prepares young men and women to live in freedom and independence, and not in a servile existence. The primary art for which we are preparing is the art of living well. Job skills are a by-product and not the end of classical education. The end is a virtuous young adult who lives not with historical or cultural amnesia, but rather with a sense of who she is in the context of human history. Classically trained students will be well qualified for future studies in law, medicine, business, engineering, technology, theology or any other professional or vocational pursuit. We aim for our students to know the story of our country, and to read and write with facility. We are clear that a young graduate who is able to use her knowledge of the past to make good decisions in the present, and to plan wisely for the future will be in high demand and prepared to flourish.
Classical education requires teachers who are trained in academic disciplines (literature, history, sciences, mathematics, etc.), and not just in “education”. Naturally, classical school teachers love to spend time with children, they are kindhearted, and they know how to manage a classroom. But subject matter expertise is required. Our vision is to create a faculty that is academically gifted and in full pursuit of intellectual interests, because these habits tend to positively influence students who are by nature looking for leaders to follow.
Articles on Classical Education
- Classical education: The Oldest Ideas for the Youngest Minds, Jason Caros, Founding Principal, Founders Classical Academy, Lewisville, TX
- What is classical education? (Ridgeview is our model school), Dr. Terrence O. Moore
- Classical Education, Susan Wise Bauer
- Core Knowledge: How Do We Know This Works, E.D. Hirsch, Jr.
- The Missing Link in Reading Comprehension, Jason Caros
- Reading Comprehension Requires Knowledge – of Words and the World, E.D. Hirsch, Jr.
Books on Classical Education
- Classical Education: The Movement Sweeping the Nation,
Gene Edward Veith, Jr.,/Andrew Kern
- The Making of Americans: Democracy and our Schools, E.D. Hirsch, Jr.
- Cultural Literacy, E.D. Hirsch, Jr.
- Why Johnny Can’t Tell Right from Wrong: and What We Can Do About It, William Kilpatrick
- The Seven Laws of Teaching, John Milton Gregory
- The Lost Tools of Learning, Dorothy Sayers
- *Simply Classical: A Beautiful Education for any Child, Cheryl Swope
*This book (and Veith/Kern) includes some descriptions of classical education as it is implemented in a ‘Christian classical’ environment. To be sure, Atlanta Classical Academy is a non-sectarian, non-religious, public school. Some readers will find Swope’s account encouraging and highly motivating. She details classical education and its benefits for all children, and she makes a compelling case for its benefits for children with learning challenges.